In many other states, the State's Attorney is referred to as the District Attorney. He or she is the prosecuting attorney, like you see in many popular court dramas on TV. The difference is that on TV, the crime is committed, the investigation is done, the case is solved, the case is prepared by the attorneys, taken to trial, and the person is sentenced all in half an hour -- 20 minutes, with commercials.
As you know, TV is often quite far from reality.
If you wonder what a normal court day for me is like, you can always log into the Grand Isle Court docket, which is a public record. This lists the names of the cases and the designation of the court proceeding on the schedule, such as "Status Conference," "Civil Suspension Final Hearing," "Jury Drawing," "Jury Trial," and the like. From that, it might be a bit hard to know what is happening inside the courtroom or inside my office, or even while I am driving or exercising or pulling weeds at my home, all occasions when I am working on, and/or thinking about, a case.
Following is a very brief synopsis of what my job as State's Attorney entails. You will quickly recognize that it takes an attorney skilled and experienced in criminal law to properly handle the job.
I first receive a case which has been investigated and presented to me in written form by a law enforcement agency. I review it to determine what offense(s) has been committed, and assure that there are sufficient facts to support the charge, before I sign it and file it with the court. The formal language of every criminal charge against a defendant ends in the words, "against the peace and dignity of the State."
In each case, the State's Attorney must become familiar with the facts and the relevant law. There is reading, lots of reading. There is writing of legal memorandums, lots of writing. There is discussion about the cases with police officers, with opposing counsel, and witnesses, all in preparation for motions hearings or trials or working out resolutions of cases, post-trial motions, sentencings, and appeals. In the courtroom, I represent the citizens of the County of Grand Isle.
Sometimes there is even some exciting courtroom drama, [almost] just like on TV.